In Context

The National Truth and Reconciliation Commission (sometimes known as the Rettig Commission) helped Chile transition into a functional democracy. The legacy of crimes under Pinochet is still being addressed, and the commission uncovered the stories of many prisoners and victims of Pinochet's regime.

The Chilean economy is now widely considered to be the most stable of any in Latin America, though a huge disparity in income and wealth still exists in Chile. Chile is largely dependent on its production of copper and has struggled with economic diversification.

The nation has a long history of multiparty elections, notwithstanding the interruption of democracy by the Pinochet regime. In 2010, Sebastian Piñera became the first right-wing president to be elected since Pinochet left office.

The estimated total population of Chile is just over 17 million.

Caption: Nostalgia for the Light   Credit: Courtesy of Icarus Films

» BBC News. "Chile Country Profile."

» Central Intelligence Agency. "Chile."

» Diaz, Rodolfo. "Socioeconomic Inequality in Chile." Harvard International Review, December 22, 2010.

» POV. "The Judge and the General."

» United States Institute of Peace. "Truth Commission: Chile 90."