Chisholm '72

PBS Premiere: Feb. 7, 2005Check the broadcast schedule »

In Context: A Brief Guide to 1972



January 4Austrian Kurt Waldheim becomes Secretary-General of the United Nations.
January 5Nixon orders development of space shuttle program.
January 11Following a bloody civil war, East Pakistan gains independence and is renamed Bangladesh.
January 25Shirley Chisholm buttonShirley Chisholm announces her candidacy for the presidency at Brooklyn's Concord Baptist Church.
Feburary 4NASA scientists unveil the first close-up photos of Mars, sent by Mariner 9.
Feburary 21-27President Nixon and Chairman MaoPresident Nixon becomes the first president to visit China, establishing a new working relationship between China and the United States.
March 8Goodyear BlimpThe Goodyear blimp flies for the first time.
March 22Congress passes the Equal Rights Amendment.
March 22The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Eisenstadt v. Baird that the right to privacy means single people are entitled to contraceptives.
April 16The fifth American mission to the moon, Apollo 16, launches.
April 17Women are allowed to compete in the Boston Marathon for the first time. Nina Kuscsik is the first winner.
May 2J. Edgar Hoover, longtime director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, dies.
May 15Alabama governor and presidential candidate George Wallace is shot and paralyzed by Arthur Bremer in Laurel, Maryland.
May 26Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Leonid Brezhnev sign the first Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I) in Moscow.
June 4Chisholm '72 - Timeline, Angela DavisBlack activist Angela Davis found not guilty of murder in California.
June 23Title IX passes, prohibiting sex discrimination in sports funding in schools receiving federal money.
June 29In a 5-4 ruling in Furman v. Georgia, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that the death penalty is unconstitutional.
July 1Ms. Magazine first issue coverFirst issue of Ms. Magazine published.
July 10Democratic National Convention opens in Miami Beach.
August 12The last American ground forces are withdrawn from Vietnam.
September 5-6Eleven Israeli athletes murdered by terrorist group at Munich Olympics.
September 17First episode of MASH is aired.
October 25The FBI hires its first female agents.
November 5American Indian Movement activists occupy Bureau of Indian Affairs
November 14The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 1000 for the first time. (1003.16)
December 11Apollo launchApollo 17, the last American moon mission, lands on the moon.
December 22Earthquake strikes Managua, Nicaragua.

» Wikipedia: 1972

(Top to bottom)
President Nixon meets with China's Communist Party Leader, Mao Tse-Tung, 2/29/1972. Source: National Archives.
The Goodyear blimp. Source: National Archives.
Angela Davis. Source: Library of Congress.
Cover of first issue of Ms. Magazine.
Launch of Apollo 17. Source: NASA.