Directed by
Ellen Kuras

Co-Directed by
Thavisouk Phrasavath

Written by
Ellen Kuras
Thavisouk Phrasavath

Produced by
Ellen Kuras

Produced by
Flora Fernandez-Marengo

Co-Produced by
W.Wilder Knight
Gini Reticker
Chiemi Karasawa

Music Composed and Conducted by
Howard Shore

Cinematography by
Ellen Kuras, ASC

Edited by
Thavisouk Phrasavath

Voice of the Grandmother by
Boualay Vannalith

Associate Producer
Emma Tillinger

Post-Production Supervisor
Riva Marker

Post-Production Consultant
Michael Jackman

Consulting Editor
Ellen Bruno

Contributing Editors
Kate Amend, ACE
Ellen Bruno
Angelo Corrao
Elizabeth Finlayson
Mitzi Goldman
Paula Heredia
Melody London
Kristin Lovejoy
Enat Sidi
Daisy Wright
Justine Wright

Assistant Editors
Katherine L. Flint
Rachel Goodlet
Russell Greene
Sharon Hughes
Harriet McKern
Corey Bayes

Camera Assistants
Rick Gioia
Alison Kelly
Jerry Risius

Additional Camera (Rochester 1984)
Tony Cucchiari
John Ramon

Father's Arrival Video
Thavisouk Phrasavath

Gaffer (Rochester 1984)
Leighton Edmundson

Script Supervisor (Rochester 1984)
Chantal Bernheim

Sound Recordists
Ellen Bruno
Ruth Cullen
Stu Deutsch
Peter Hunt
Judy Karp
Ellen Kuras
Etienne Sauret
JT Takagi

Sound Editor
Dave Paterson

Additional Sound Editor
Benny Mouthon

Foley Editor, Recordist, and Artist
Rachel Chancey

Re-Recording Mixer
Benny Mouthon

Re-Recording Performed at
Postworks, N.Y.

Technical Consultants
Stefan Brock
George Chung
Benny Mouthon

Dolby Sound Consultant
James P. Nichols

Music edited and mixed by
Jonathan Schultz

Performed by
Sophie Shao, cellist
Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoor
ERSO Chamber Ensemble

Associate Producer
Michail Pärt

Recorded by
Jonathan Schultz
Jesse Pynigar
Jim Bruening
Maido Maadik

Recorded at
Metodisti Kirik, Tallinn

Recorded and mixed at
HowE Building, NY

Music Production Manager
Elizabeth Cotnoir

Music Production Coordinator
Alan Frey

Music Preparation
Sue Sinclair

Consulting Music Editor
Jennifer Dunnington

Music composed, orchestrated and produced by
Howard Shore

Published by
South Fifth Avenue Publishing (ASCAP) © 2008 All rights reserved.

Lao Consultant
Simon Dang "Zay"

Lao Music Advisors
Voradeth Ditthavong
Phone Phoumythone

Lao Grammar Consultant
Khampha Sidavong, Ph.D.

Additional Voice-Over Recording
Hieng Navongsa

Pandinlao Production
Linzy Emery
Kay Hung
Thomas Keefe
Richard Kathlean
Deborah LaCoy
Christine Lavaf
Brendan O'Sullivan
Ashley Terrill

Isotope Films Coordinator
Jaclyn Paris
Pandinlao Bookkeeper
Pamela A. Kuras
Pandinlao Accountants

Picture Post Production Services by
Deluxe | Postproduction | Toronto

On-Line Editor
Motassem Younes

Mila Patriki
Joe Gawler

Digital Restoration
Ahmad Ismail

Project Manager
Gary Brown

DI Manager
Peter Armstrong

Picture Manager
Mark Thorp

Film Transfer Services provided by
Company 3 NY

Executive Producer
Eva Maria Daniels

Matt Paul
Dave Francis
Scott Starbuck

Assistant Colorist
Rob Bell

Film Scanning
Tif Luckenbill
Andrew Geary

Jason Robinson
Marie Deleon
Thomas "Apple" Kafer

VFX Supervisor
Eric J. Robertson

Digital Compositors
Chris "Pinkus" Wesselman
Daniel Abramovich

Fiscal Sponsor
Women Make Movies

Pandinlao Legal Affairs
W. Wilder Knight
F. Robert Stein
Ralph De Palma
Bary Landsman
Of Pryor Cashman, LLP

Stock Footage Courtesy of
ABCNews Video Source
BBC Motion Gallery
ITN Source
ITN Source/Reuters
SPPN Images, Inc.
Pinellas County Sheriff's Department
US National Archives
Library of Congress
Jean Jacques Cesbron
Thelma Schoonmaker
Martin Scorsese
Beverly Woods (Mentor)
The Kuras Family
Cyril Drabinsky

A Co-Production with American Documentary | POV

Executive Producer for American Documentary | POV
Cara Mertes

This program is a Diverse Voices Project co-production made possible with support from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, a private corporation funded by the American people.

Production funding provided by:
Soros Documentary Open Society Fund/ Sundance Institute Documentary Fund
Center for Asian American Media
Mark Turtletaub
Pamela A. Kuras
The Funding Exchange/ Women's Project
NEH -- National Endowment for the Humanities Youth Grant
NYSCA -- New York State Council Of The Arts
Harry Landsburg Memorial Grant

This program was produced by Pandinlao Films, LLC
which is solely responsible for its content.

Co-Presented by the Center for Asian American Media