The POV documentary Girl Model (check local listings) explores the supply chain providing Siberian models to the Japanese fashion market. The global industry has long practiced self-regulation, so there is little official information on standards and practices for either region, and only recently has the U.S. fashion industry become proactive in finding ways to benchmark itself.
How about Tallinn, Reykjavik and Vilnius...
1. Estonia, 2. Iceland, 3. Lithuania, 4. Denmark, 5. Latvia, 6. Sweden, 7. Netherlands, 8. Slovakia, 9. Norway, 10. Czech Republic
1. USA, 2. Brazil, 3. Russia, 4. UK, 5. Netherlands, 6. Canada, 7. Germany, 8. Poland, 9. Australia, 10. France
This isn't a real model, but it could be. It's a composite of model.com's top-ranked models.
Cover model Thairine Garcia was 14 when this image appeared in the February 2012 issue of Harper's Bazaar Brasil.
The Council of Fashion Designers of America recommends only using models older than 16, but designers continue to employ underage models.
Rio Grande do Sul represents 5% of Brazil's population but it's the home of more than 50% of its models (including Gisele Bündchen). The appeal of the region's inhabitants is attributed to the historical migration of Germans and Italians.
Age by which most working models have started their career
The length of the average modeling career
The median salary of a "Model," putting the profession ahead of "Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors" but below "Secretaries" and "Flight Attendants" in annual income
The percentage of "new faces" selected for each new runway show
The total number of modeling jobs in 2010, according to the Department of Labor
|The Scout||The Agent|
The modeling agency
The production company
Presents model portfolios to bookers and agents
Negotiates payment for bookings with the client or modeling agency
Schedules castings (cattle calls and requests)
Screens models based on a client's breakdown
A percentage of the modeling agency's commission
10%-20% commission on models' earnings
The amount of debt a foreign model might accrue due to agencies paying for visas, flights, accomodations and tests — before the model goes on a first casting call.
Photographers, art directors, stylists, editors and many others form the bulk of an industry that serves clients while attempting to carve out its own creative space.
Number of people employed
Total wages per year
Revenue generated per year
Tax revenue per year
Models' earnings are often inversely related to the stature of the client. Less glamorous commercial jobs (such as jcpenney) can pay more than prestigious editorial jobs (such as Vogue).
The average American woman
In 1982, the average model weighed 8% less than the average woman
The average American model
In 2012, the average model weighed 23% less than the average woman
Percentage of U.S. women who believe the media sets an unrealistic standard of beauty.
Precentage of U.S. women said curvier bodies are more appealing now than 10 years ago.
2.5% of the models at Sao Paolo's 2008 Fashion Week were black, though 50.8% of Brazil's population is black or of mixed race.
52% of Japan's women consider themselves to be overweight, but only 23% are.
Since 2008, only 3 of Vogue Japan's 71 covers have featured Japanese models.
The Fashion Model Directory. "Models." http://www.fashionmodeldirectory.com/models/
Barrionuevo, Alexei. "Off Runway, Brazilian Beauty Goes Beyond Blond." The New York Times. June 8, 2010.
Models.com. "Models.com's top ranked models." http://models.com/rankings/ui/Top50/
Garcia, Thairine. "14-Year-Old Model Is a Major Violation of Vogue's Age Pledge." Jezebel, 2012; "Thairine Garcia by Zee Nunes for Harper’s Bazaar Brasil February 2012." Fashnberry, February 16, 2012.
Mears, Ashley. "Pricing Beauty: The Making of a Fashion Model." University of California Press, 2011.
Smolak , L. "National Eating Disorders Association/Next Door Neighbors Puppet Guide Book." 1996.
Favor, Lesli J. "Food As Foe: Nutrition and Eating Disorders." 2009. (Model Sizes: Marilyn Monroe, Twiggy, Cindy Crawford, Kate Moss)
Fashion Model Directory. "Iman Abdulmajid." (Model Sizes: Iman Abdulmajid)
IMG Models. "Gisele Bündchen." (Model Sizes: Gisele Bündchen)
IMG Models. "Karlie Kloss." (Model Sizes: Karlie Kloss)
Ciancio, Antonella. "Catwalk queens prepare for a less glamorous future." Reuters. February 28, 2012.
US Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Occupational Outlook Handbook." 2010. http://www.bls.gov/ooh/sales/models.htm
Krupnick, Ellie. "CFDA Health Guidelines for Models Released, Focus on Age & Eating Disorders." Huffington Post. January 27, 2012.
The Model Alliance. "Child Models." http://modelalliance.org/child-models
New York City Economic Development Corporation. "Fashion." http://www.nycedc.com/industry/fashion
Lovett, Edward. "Most Models Meet Criteria for Anorexia, Size 6 Is Plus Size: Magazine." ABC News January 12, 2012.
Zernike, Kate. "Sizing Up America: Signs of Expansion From Head to Toe." The New York Times. March 1, 2004
Dove. "Self Esteem Toolkit and Resources." http://www.dove.co.uk/en/Our-Mission/Self-Esteem-Toolkit-and-Resources/default.aspx
Caporimo, Alison. "What's Beautiful Now: The Allure American Beauty Survey." Allure. 2011.
Dr. Etcoff, Nancy. "The Real Truth About Beauty: A Global Report." September 2004.
Phillips, Tom. "Brazil's catwalks are too white, say protesters." The Guardian. June 16, 2011.
Models.com. "Vogue Japan." http://models.com/client/vogue-nippon-japan
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